Title Year Resource Type Tags

'It's So Hard Not to Be Funny in This Situation': Memes and Humor in U.S. Youth Online Political Expression.

Joel Penney
Television & New Media https://doi.org/10/ggcvgd
2019 Article (Journal) Identity Politics Rhetoric US

Boogaloo and Civil War 2: Memetic Antagonism in Expressions of Covert Activism

Bradley E. Wiggins
2020 Article (Journal) Identity Politics Trolling and antagonism US

The Dissonance of "Civil" Religion in Religious-Political Memetic Discourse During the 2016 Presidential Elections

Heidi E. Campbell Katherine Arredondo Katie Dundas Cody Wolf
Social Media + Society 4 (2): 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305118782678
2018 Article (Journal) Elections Politics Religion US

Who Would Jesus Bomb? The Republican Jesus Meme and the Fracturing of Ideology

Christopher M. Duerringer
Social Media + Society 2 (1): 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305116637095
2016 Article (Journal) Ideology Religion US

"I drink liberal tears": genre, desire and the leaky liberal body

Pansy Duncan
Feminist Media Studies 17 (3): 516-520. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2017.1304718
2017 Article (Journal) Genre Ideology Liberalism Trolling and antagonism US

Pepper Spray Cop and the American Dream: Using Synecdoche and Metaphor to Unlock Internet Memes

Heidi E. Huntington
Communication Studies 67 (1): 77-93. https://doi.org/10.1080/10510974.2015.1087414
2016 Article (Journal) Politics Rhetoric Synecdoche Visual rhetoric US

Where was King Kong when we needed him?" Public discourse, digital disaster jokes, and the functions of laughter after 9/11

Giselinde Kuipers
The Journal of American Culture 28 (1): 70-84. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1542-734X.2005.00155.x
2005 Article (Journal) Humour Jokes Laughter Sociology of humour US

Analysis of Facebook Meme Groups Used During the 2016 US Presidential Election

Mia Moody-Ramirez Andrew B. Church
Social Media + Society 5 (1): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305118808799
2019 Article (Journal) Facebook Civic expression Content analysis Politics Social media US

'Who is /ourguy/?': Tracing panoramic memes to study the collectivity of 4chan/pol/

Sal Hagen
2022 Article (Journal) 4chan Actor-Network Theory Alt-right US