Title Year Resource Type Tags

Trolling: Who Does It and Why?

Tom De Castella Virginia Brown
2011 Article (News) Memes as Capital Trolling and antagonism

"Come for the Period Comics. Stay for the Cultural Awareness": Reclaiming the Troll Identity through Feminist Humor on Reddit's /r/TrollXChromosomes

Adrienne Massanari
Feminist Media Studies 19 (1): 19-37. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2017.1414863
2019 Article (Journal) Reddit Feminism Gender Trolling and antagonism

The Ambivalent Internet: Mischief, Oddity, and Antagonism Online

Ryan M. Milner Whitney Phillips
Cambridge: Polity
2017 Book Memes as Capital Trolling and antagonism

Weaponized iconoclasm in Internet memes featuring the expression 'Fake News'

Christopher Smith
Discourse & Communication 13 (3): 303-19. https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481319835639
2019 Article (Journal) Linguistics Semiotics Trolling and antagonism

(((They))) Rule: Memetic Antagonism and Nebulous Othering on 4chan

Marc Tuters Sal Hagen
New Media & Society 22 (12): 2218-37. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444819888746
2020 Article (Journal) 4chan Identity Trolling and antagonism

Boogaloo and Civil War 2: Memetic Antagonism in Expressions of Covert Activism

Bradley E. Wiggins
2020 Article (Journal) Identity Politics Trolling and antagonism US

From Counter-Power to Counter-Pepe: The Vagaries of Participatory Epistemology in a Digital Age

C.W. Anderson Matthias Revers
Media and Communication 6 (4): 24. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v6i4.1492
2018 Article (Journal) Pepe Politics Trolling and antagonism

Revenge by Photoshop: Memefying Police Acts in the Public Dialogue about Injustice

Petra Saskia Bayerl Lachezar Stoynov
New Media & Society 18 (6): 1006-1026. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444814554747
2016 Article (Journal) Injustice Resistance Trolling and antagonism

Jokes and Targets

Christie Davies
Bloomington: Indiana University Press 9780253223029
2011 Book Humour Jokes Sociology of humour Trolling and antagonism

"I drink liberal tears": genre, desire and the leaky liberal body

Pansy Duncan
Feminist Media Studies 17 (3): 516-520. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2017.1304718
2017 Article (Journal) Genre Ideology Liberalism Trolling and antagonism US

News via Voldemort: Parody Accounts in Topical Discussions on Twitter

Tim Highfield
New Media & Society 18 (9): 2028-2045. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444815576703
2016 Article (Journal) Twitter Fan studies Parody Social media Trolling and antagonism

It Wasn't Just the Trolls: Early Internet Culture, "Fun," and the Fires of Exclusionary Laughter

Whitney Phillips
Social Media + Society 5 (3): https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119849493
2019 Article (Journal) Digital culture Irony Trolling and antagonism