Title Year Resource Type Tags

Subversive Memes: Internet Memes as a Form of Visual Rhetoric

Heidi E. Huntington
AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research https://spir.aoir.org/ojs/index.php/spir/article/view/8886
2013 Article (Journal) Linguistics Rhetoric Semiotics

The Modes of Visual Rhetoric: Circulating Memes as Expressions

Eric S. Jenkins
Quarterly Journal of Speech 100 (4): 442-66. https://doi.org/10.1080/00335630.2014.989258
2014 Article (Journal) Aesthetics Art Rhetoric

Still Life with Rhetoric: A New Materialist Approach for Visual Rhetorics

Laurie E. Gries
University Press of Colorado https://muse.jhu.edu/book/38617
2015 Book Aesthetics Art Rhetoric

Pepper Spray Cop and the American Dream: Using Synecdoche and Metaphor to Unlock Internet Memes

Heidi E. Huntington
Communication Studies 67 (1): 77-93. https://doi.org/10.1080/10510974.2015.1087414
2016 Article (Journal) Politics Rhetoric Synecdoche Visual rhetoric US

Memes and symbolic violence: #proudboys and the use of memes for propaganda and the construction of collective identity

Julia R. DeCook
Learning, Media and Technology 43 (4): 485-504. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439884.2018.1544149
2018 Article (Journal) Far-right Identity Propoganda Rhetoric

Buy Memes Low, Sell Memes High: Vernacular Criticism and Collective Negotiations of Value on Reddit's MemeEconomy

Loana Literat Sarah Van Den Berg
Information, Communication & Society 22 (2): 232-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2017.1366540
2019 Article (Journal) Reddit Memes as Capital Rhetoric

'It's So Hard Not to Be Funny in This Situation': Memes and Humor in U.S. Youth Online Political Expression.

Joel Penney
Television & New Media https://doi.org/10/ggcvgd
2019 Article (Journal) Identity Politics Rhetoric US

Persuasion through bitter humor: Multimodal discourse analysis of rhetoric in internet memes of two far-right groups in Finland

Eemeli Hakoköngäs Otto Halmesvaara Inari Sakki
Social Media + Society 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120921575
2020 Article (Journal) Far-right Identity Politics Rhetoric Finland

Sweden Then vs. Sweden Now

Samuel Merrill
2020 Article (Journal) Facebook Discourse Far-right Politics Rhetoric Sweden