Title Year Resource Type Tags

Memetic Persuasion and WhatsAppification in Indonesia's 2019 Presidential Election

Emma Baulch Ariadna Matamoros-Fernández Fiona Suwana
2022 Article (Journal) WhatsApp Elections Meme factories Political campaign Public discourse Indonesia

From Polarization to Hate: Portrait of the Spanish Political Meme

Juan-Manuel González-Aguilar María Antonia Paz Ana Mayagoitia-Soria
Social Media + Society 7 (4): https://doi.org/10.1177/20563051211062920
2021 Article (Journal) Twitter Hate Speech Political communication Politics Public discourse Spain